Community corrections should help reduce the criminogenic factors that contribute to crime (e.g., substance abuse, illiteracy, lack of marketable skills, unemployment) and increase the resiliency factors that help factors prevent crime (e.g. drug-free lifestyle, education, employment, cognitive restructuring and social skills training, and family support).
Criminal justice sanctions alone are not as effective as drug and alcohol abuse treatment in reducing criminality and drug and alcohol abuse. Addictions treatment contributes to long-term crime control, reducing the risk of ongoing criminal behavior, and should be considered in the sentence for those with criminal riskfactors associated with drug/alcohol addiction.
Alcohol and drug treatment offered within the context of corrections must be based on a coordinated response between the criminal justice and drug treatment systems. Treatment does not need to be voluntary to be effective. Furthermore, court requirements and community supervision can be used to get and keep individuals in treatment and to manage drug-abusing offenders safely and effectively in the community.
Correctional resources such as drug and alcohol treatment programs should be prioritized for those who are most likely to re-offend.
The treatment model should reduce the incidence of crime, rule violations, and drug/alcohol abuse while continuing to engage the offender in treatment. Holding offenders accountable for non-compliance is essential; however, offenders should not be discharged unsuccessfully from programs for exhibiting the problems that brought them into treatment.
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