The official journal of the International Community Corrections Association, Journal of Community Corrections (JCC) is the most widely read and widely respected journal of policy, research, and programs for community-based rehabilitation and treatment of offenders. The original “what works” journal of evidence-based interventions, JCC brings readers the best thinking of today’s foremost experts in articles that are written, designed, and edited to stimulate action and achieve results.
About Community Corrections
The supervision of returning citizens and provision of supportive services to these individuals outside of jail or prison. Community corrections includes parole, probation, residential and employment services, and other support programs.
Attend a Conference or Forum
ICCA hosts several events throughout the year featuring Federal policy makers, industry thought leaders, and experienced practitioners. In addition to plenary sessions, workshops focus on implementing best practices.
A look at News from our Facebook page
JOB VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT
November 18, 2015
ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE ILLINOIS COURTS
Assistant Director, Probation Services Division
ESSENTIAL RESPONSIBILITIES: Performs administrative and management work in planning, organizing, directing and evaluating division and state programs, projects, initiatives and resources consistent with evidence-based principles to improve the quality and outcomes of probation and court services in Illinois. The Probation Services Division is one of six operational Divisions of the Administrative Office and is organized into four units: probation field operations; specialized programs (e.g., Pretrial, Problem Solving Courts, and Training); Interstate Compact; and data collection and analysis. Duties are performed with substantial independence. Work is reviewed and approved by the Administrative Director.
• Pursuant to the provisions of the Illinois Probation and Probation Officers Act (730 ILCS 110/15), the Probation Services Division develops, establishes, promulgates and enforces uniform standards for probation services in Illinois.
• Coordinates and administers the financial reimbursement to the counties for approved and eligible probation and court services personnel.
• Plans, designs and delivers the statutorily required system of basic and advanced probation training.
• Analyzes circuit court probation departments' workload needs and recommends the allocation of available financial resources.
• Responds to inquiries from judges, court administrators and county officials regarding probation issues.
• Serves as a member of the Director's management team.
• Annually prepares and submits an operational plan for the division to the Administrative Director.
• Conducts operational reviews of the circuit court probation departments upon request.
• Manages the design, review and approval process for each department's Annual Probation Plan.
• Participates, as designated by the Administrative Director, on statutory boards and commissions regarding probation activities.
• Performs other duties as assigned.
A TV news article with ICCA President Phil Nunes
Some federal prisoners being released early this weekend, including in Ohio
By Mike Bowersock
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COLUMBUS, Ohio (WCMH) — It was the late 1980s and early 1990s, and the drug busts were almost nightly.
The city of Columbus, and the nation, plagued by crack cocaine and laws were stiffened to try to stop it.
Now, 6,000 of those people rounded up in the raids are being released from prison early.
They have spent decades in prison.
In recent years, legislators and judges have wondered if keeping them locked up is the right thing to do.
This weekend, thousands are being released to halfway houses to go through the process of job training, dealing with addictions, and everything else that comes with a reintroduction.
There are 99 here in Ohio, and some have already made the move.
"We're talking about low-level, nonviolent drug offenders," said Phil Nunes with Alvis, a series of halfway houses and reintroduction facilities throughout the state.
"Back in the 80s and 90s when crack cocaine was so prevalent, the federal government stepped in. (They took) what would ordinarily be an actual state statue and created a federal legislation statute, so now crack cocaine became not just a state offense it now became a federal offense."
That's why so many of them received stiff sentences.
Letting them out early, if there is no violence in their history, is a way to save money. But Nunes says it's something more.
"It's saving us money as well as getting those people out of an expensive prison bed, but it's also saving human potential because these people can get a chance at getting a restart in their life."
Of course, the drug convictions of the crack era aren't the only offenders.
The average sentence reduction for those who've applied for retroactive sentencing since the amendment is 23 months, lowering the average sentence from 131 months to 108 months, the Justice Department said.
Deputy Attorney General Sally Quillian Yates said they were "modest reductions" for drug offenders, who will have served "substantial prison sentences."
"The Department of Justice strongly supports sentencing reform for low-level, non-violent drug offenders," she said in a statement. "The Sentencing Commission's actions — which create modest reductions for drug offenders — is a step toward these necessary reforms."
Risk and Needs Assessment in the Criminal Justice System
Analyst in Crime Policy
July 24, 2015
The number of people incarcerated in the United States has increased significantly over the past three decades from approximately 419,000 inmates in 1983 to approximately 1.5 million inmates in 2013. Concerns about both the economic and social consequences of the country's growing reliance on incarceration have led to calls for reforms to the nation's criminal justice system.
There have been legislative proposals to implement a risk and needs assessment system in federal prisons. The system would be used to place inmates in rehabilitative programs. Under the proposed system some inmates would be eligible to earn additional time credits for participating in rehabilitative programs that reduce their risk of recidivism. Such credits would allow inmates to be placed on prerelease custody earlier. The proposed system would exclude inmates convicted of certain offenses from being eligible to earn additional time credits.
Risk and needs assessment instruments typically consist of a series of items used to collect data on behaviors and attitudes that research indicates are related to the risk of recidivism. Generally, inmates are classified as being high, moderate, or low risk. Assessment instruments are comprised of static and dynamic risk factors. Static risk factors do not change, while dynamic risk factors can either change on their own or be changed through an intervention. In general, research suggests that the most commonly used assessment instruments can, with a moderate level of accuracy, predict who is at risk for violent recidivism. It also suggests that no single instrument is superior to any other when it comes to predictive validity.
The Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) model has become the dominant paradigm in risk and needs assessment. The risk principle states that high-risk offenders need to be placed in programs that provide more intensive treatment and services while low-risk offenders should receive minimal or even no intervention. The need principle states that effective treatment should focus on addressing needs that contribute to criminal behavior. The responsivity principle states that rehabilitative programming should be delivered in a style and mode that is consistent with the ability and learning style of the offender.
However, the wide-scale adoption of risk and needs assessment in the criminal justice system is not without controversy. Several critiques have been raised against the use of risk and needs assessment, including that it could have discriminatory effects because some risk factors are correlated with race; that it uses group base rates for recidivism to make determinations about an individual's propensity for re-offending; and that risk and needs assessment are two distinct procedures and should be conducted separately.
There are several issues policymakers might contemplate should Congress choose to consider legislation to implement a risk and needs assessment system in federal prisons, including the following:
The Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN)
met on September 9-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA.
DURING THE TWO-DAY meeting, the CCCN connected with a local probation department and held a live national discussion with criminal justice professionals across the country. On Day 1, the CCCN met with San Diego County Probation Chief Mack Jenkins and his staff who provided network members with a tour of their Community Transition Center (CTC), which is co-located with a residential alcohol and drug treatment center – The Lighthouse. During the tour, CCCN members were able to see first-hand resource utilization from a local probation department and continuity of care for justice-involved individuals from California State Prisons to the community. The CTC is the site of a multi-disciplinary team comprised of licensed mental health clinicians, a nurse case manager, two Medi-Cal application assisters, and multiple probation officers. The center offers a continuum of services; including being tested for current substance usage, and assessed for criminogenic, substance abuse/mental health, and other needs. A case plan is developed– factoring in risks and needs - with input from the entire team and based on assessment results linking each individual at the CTC directly to the services they need to help them successfully transition back into the community.
Have a look at this video montage of pictures taken throughout the Second World Congress on Community Corrections.
Japan to Host the Third World Congress on Probation!
CCCN LIVE National Forum Discussion
CCCN LIVE National Forum Discussion via Webex – San Diego, CA September 10, 2015
The Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) will be hosting a live national forum discussion with our federal partners and national and local experts, to highlight the unique opportunities and resources that are now available to our criminal justice system. When we look at who is locked up in our prisons and jails or juvenile facilities around the country, the data show that there are hundreds of thousands of individuals who had a drug, mental health or associated treatment need that went unmet.
Date: September 10, 2015
Time: Please note webinar start time/your time zone:
10:00-11:30am PT / 11:00-12:30pm MT/AZ/ 12:00pm-1:30pm CT / 1:00pm-2:30pm ET
Target Audience: Criminal Justice Professionals, Corrections Health Professionals, Community-based Providers
Resources now available are a potential “game changer” for the criminal justice system and for justice-involved individuals. The intent of this live national discussion, via Webex Event Center, is to bring awareness of the resources available through federal funding that can assist criminal justice agencies to help meet the demands of those that we serve. The CCCN believes that treating justice-involved individuals in the community can be a safe, cost-efficient alternative to incarceration if properly resourced. The cost of incarceration is significant, both in terms of fiscal implications, but also the collateral consequences for the individuals in the system, their families, and our communities. We can take a proactive approach in our local and state jurisdictions to reduce recidivism, be more efficient with our resources, keep people connected to their families and their communities, and to significantly reduce the cycle of incarceration in our country.
• Highlight federal resources available to community corrections and criminal justice agencies;
• Define service needs of justice involved individuals;
• Showcase a local example of resource utilization; and
• Engage the criminal justice system in a live discussion about the resources available, how to access funding, receive technical assistance, and to motivate our leaders to want to do more.
What is the Community Corrections Collaborative Network?
The Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) is a network comprised of the leading associations representing 90,000-plus probation, parole, pretrial, and treatment professionals around the country, including the American Probation and Parole Association (APPA), the Association of Paroling Authorities International (APAI), the Federal Probation and Pretrial Officers Association (FPPOA), the International Community Corrections Association (ICCA), the National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCP), the National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (NAPSA), and the National Association of Probation Executives (NAPE).
Crosspoint has found a home on East Side
GILBERT GARCIA OPINION COLUMNIST
Two weeks ago, Crosspoint Inc. quietly put a nagging legal challenge behind it.
In two months, the nonprofit will quietly celebrate the fifth anniversary of its East Side halfway house, at the site of an old Sisters of the Holy Spirit convent.
If the word “quietly” is the common thread here, that’s just the way Crosspoint CEO Kevin Downey likes it. After all, Crosspoint’s emergence on the East Side resulted in the most polarizing, vitriolic zoning battle this city has seen in the past 10 years.
Five-and-a-half years ago, former District 2 Councilwoman Sheila McNeil lamented in the pages of the San Antonio Express-News that the opening of the 100-bed East Side facility for transitioning former criminals would “mean the ruin of the entire inner-city community.”
The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) will be conducting a live-streaming internet broadcast on justice-involved veterans, highlighting the lifesaving role being played by veterans treatment courts across the country. The three-hour broadcast titled “Veterans Treatment Courts: A Second Chance for Vets Who Have Lost Their Way,” will be aired live on Wednesday, August 26, 2015.
From WWII through the continuing global war on terror, there are approximately 21.5 million veterans in the U.S. today. So many of these men, and increasingly women, return home damaged mentally and physically from their time in service. These wounds often contribute to their involvement in the criminal justice system. As a result, veterans are overrepresented in our jails and prisons.
For these justice-involved vets, Veterans Treatment Courts are providing a pathway to recovery so that they can be restored to functioning and contributing members of society.
Veterans Treatment Courts, or VTCs, provide hope, restore families and save lives. The first VTC, founded in 2008 in Buffalo, New York, has inspired the creation of more than 220 courts of similar nature in jurisdictions, both large and small, across the country. Hundreds more are in various stages of planning and implementation.
These courts have the support of the communities they serve, as well as the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and local service providing agencies. Critical to the success of VTCs are veterans who volunteer to be trained and serve as mentors to justice-involved veterans.
OMB No. 1121-0329
Approval Expires 07/31/2016
U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
Bureau of Justice Assistance
The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of Justice Programs (OJP), Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) is seeking applications for funding for the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Program. This program furthers the Department’s mission by providing resources to state, tribal, and local governments to implement comprehensive approaches to address the detection, prevention, and response to sexual abuse within confinement environments.
PREA Program: Demonstration Projects to Establish
“Zero Tolerance” Cultures for Sexual Assault in Correctional Facilities
Eligible applicants are limited to states, units of local governments, and federally recognized Indian tribes (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior). BJA welcomes applications that involve two or more entities; however, one eligible entity must be the applicant and the others must be proposed as subrecipients. The applicant must be the entity with primary responsibility for administering the funding and managing the entire program. Only one application per lead applicant will be considered; however, subrecipients may be part of multiple proposals. BJA may elect to make awards for applications submitted under this solicitation in future fiscal years, dependent on the merit of the applications and on the availability of appropriations.
March 24, 2015